CLOWNFISH

It's a girls' world for Clownfish. They have a matriachal society with a dominant female and her male entourage which she looks after.

 

 
clownfish clownfishfiji  

Amphiprion chrysopterus is known as the Orange Fin Clownfish. This one from Fiji is an interesting colour variation with an orange tail similar to A. clarkii. Mostly, A. chrysopterus has a white tail. By the way, "Chrysopterus" means "golden fins". Take a look at its large beautiful yellow pectoral, dorsal, ventral fins.

Reference: "Anemone Fish and their host anemones" by Daphne Fautin and Gerald Allen.

Fijian Clown fish is now recognised sa a new species, endemic to Fiji.

Clownfish swim through the anemone, coating themselves with anemone slime. When sufficiently covered in the slime, she can reamin with in the tentacles without fear of getting stung. The anemone 'thinks' she is part of the anemone as the clownfish is now recognised as "self". However, any other fish is recognised "not self" and is a prey and therefore stung to death.

 
Bluelip clownfish Tomato Clownfish  

The Blue Lipped Clown fish, Amphiprion latezonatus is common at the Solitary Islands and Lord Howe Island. It has three vertical white bars. The middle white bar is very wide and shsaped like an inverted saddle.

Clownfish are a Matriciarchal social fish. Anemones are colonised by a female who sets up a territory. Every diver can easily see how vigorously she defends her territory. She attracts a 'harem' of 5 to 6 males. She mates with the dominant male. He 'bullies' the subordinate males into submission, maintaining their state of sexual immaturity. He gets exclusive mating rights. She is the boss and defends the colony and gives protection to all of her males. If she dies, the dominant male changes into the dominant female, number two male (oldest little brother gets to mate with the female. (his former older brother) A great arrangement to guarantee survival of the species.

The Red and Black Anemonefish, A. melanopus has a single white head bar with clearly defined black edges. It is quite black toward the back half of the fish. Its pelvic and anal fins are black as well. Sometimes, you have to concentrate very very carefully to identify fish accurately and take careful note of its unique colours and patterns.